1. History Simulations Engage Students
Students that have problems paying attention or staying focused because they find History boring or that have ADD or ADHD, seem to really get involved in the simulations. Barkley says that interesting, challenging and meaningful experiences are more apt to keep students with ADHD motivated and engaged. Since students with ADHD function in the realm of the immediate, he says they may not work for delayed rewards such as grades: the reward must be in the task itself. History Simulations are sometimes the "hook" you need to get students engaged and more involved. When we have completed either the World War One Simulation or World War Two Simulation students ask more questions and discussion is a thousand times better as we study what really happened. ADHD
Building Academic Success
2. History Simulations Enhance Strategic Thinking Skills
Simulations engage students to take a broad, long range approach to problem solving and decision making. Strategic thinkers are the most effective leaders. Strategic thinkers understand how their actions affect others and predict what reactions to expect. Students learn the advantages of strategic thinking
and begin to apply those lessons to the real world.
3. History Simulations Improve Problem Solving Skills
Simulations are centered around a problem (completing their objectives) and students are challenged to solve those problems. Each simulation
generates hundreds of problems and situations that must be solved by the students.
4. History Simulations Stimulate Imagination and Creativity
Simulations inherently have a certain amount of "free will" designed into them. Although the teacher needs to keep the simulation within the historical context they are teaching, students have the flexibility to create their own theories and solutions.
5. History Simulations Encourage Exploration
Leaders, in the simulation
, must make decisions without knowing how the other leaders might react. This causes the student to anticipate what their opponents reaction might be and that requires some higher order thinking
6. History Simulations Teach Consequence
often operate on an action-reaction principle. Students, as leaders, make decisions and other leaders react to those decisions. Just like in the real world, decisions are made and there are always consequences to those decisions. Students learn that consequences not only affect themselves, but affect their allies
(friends) and others.
7. Learning Political and Physical Geography
During the course of the simulation
, students build a template in their minds of the political
and natural structure of the world and the countries involved. Students also gain a logistical understanding of the regions: seas, oceans and trade routes. After the Simulation
is over and you begin discussing what really happened, students are a lot more interested and engaged.
8. Country's Situation and Circumstances
Students learn not only about the country they are assigned, but also the other countries involved in the simulation
. Students are then able to understand each country's self interest
, advantages and disadvantages.
9. Alliance Systems
Students learn the advantages and disadvantages of an alliance
and also develop an awareness of the danger alliances
can create. These lessons can be applied to their own personal situations in life and may help them understand how their actions affect others.
10. History's Impact on the Present
Students understand how the history
of each nation and or region, influences the decision making process in each country.
11. Interconnectedness of Regions and the World
Students will understand how specific events affect countries, which in turn determines or changes that countries policies and actions.
12. Impact of Technology & Resources
Students will understand how technology, or lack of technology, has a dramatic affect on society and the battlefield. Students will understand how natural resources
are the life blood of an industrial economy and how nations will do almost anything to control them.
13. Engage in Real Diplomacy
Students will be engaged in diplomacy
with other countries as they seek to solve problems
and avert crisis. Students will learn to assess other country's self interest
in order to make deals and ensure their own countries security.
Articles and Research on the Effectiveness of Simulations
Focus on Effectiveness: Simulations & Games
Kurt Squire: Assistant Professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Game Based Research