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Changes In Medieval Society PowerPoint

Changes In Medieval Society Presentation

PowerPoint and Keynote Presenters Notes

Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction

Chapter 14, Section 2

Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts

Slide 1

Changes In Medieval Society

Agriculture, Trade and Finance Make Advances

Chapter 14 Section 2

Slide 2

-Cities and towns grew as the population increased

-Interaction with the Muslim and Byzantine Empires sparked an interest in education.

Slide 3

A Growing Food Supply

Slide 4

Change: To Make or Become Different

Slide 5

Changes In Agriculture

    -From 800 to 1200 AD the climate warms, opening more land to farming.

    -Changes in technology result in more food production

Slide 6

Higher Order Question: What modern technologies have increased food production?

Answer: Chemical Fertilizer, GPS, Bigger and more efficient machinery, Genetic engineering of plants and animals…

Slide 7

Switch To Horsepower

        Oxen were much slower than horses but they also were easier to keep because they did not need the quality of feed that horses did.  Forests were being cleared in Europe         because they now could plow more land.

    -Harnessed horses replace oxen in pulling plows and wagons

    -Horses plow 3 times as much a day, increasing food supply.

Slide 8

Two Field System

    -Up to 800 AD, farmers rotated fields from production to fallow (idle) every year

    -50% of lands in production        

Slide 9

The Three Field System

        The population soared, because when people ate healthier and had more nutrients they could resist disease and live longer.

    -Around 800 AD Three Field System used, plant two fields let one rest

        -67% of land in production: More food

        -Population increase

Slide 10

The Guilds

    -Guild: An organization of people in the same business or occupation

Slide 11

Path To Success

    -Guilds change the way business was conducted

        -Apprentice: Parents paid for training (2-7 Years)

        -Journeyman: Worked for pay, worked on a masterpiece

        -Master craftsman: Owned the business

Slide 12

Development of Guilds

    -Guilds Develop: Organization of people in the same occupation

    -Merchant Guilds begin first; they keep prices up, provide security

    -Skilled artisans, men and women, form craft guilds.

Slide 13

Guilds set standards for: 

    -Quality, price, wages, working conditions

Guilds supervise training of new members of their craft

The wealth of guilds influences the economy

Slide 14

Higher Order Question: What modern labor organizations function similar to guilds?

Answer: Labor Unions

Slide 15

Guilds Vs. Unions

    -Guilds

        -Provide training in a craft

        -Regulate quality and price

    -Unions

        -Serve workers who pay dues

        - No control over quality or price

    -Both

        -Workers in one occupation

        -Fight for wages/conditions

Slide 16

Commercial Revolution

    -Changes in business and banking

Slide 17

Trade/Demand Increases

    - More workers needed

        -Serf’s move to town to get paid

    -More cash and lending available

        -More capital to start businesses

    -Merchant’s power and wealth increase

        -Merchant’s taxes increase the kings power

    What group’s power is diminishing? King, Noble, Merchants?

Slide 18

Higher Order Question: What does the increase in the merchant’s and King’s power lead to?

Answer: The end of Feudalism

Slide 19

Business and Banking

Slide 20

Old System

Buyer-> Money->Merchant (Robber)

    -Money is lost!

Slide 21

Business & Banking

    -Merchants develop credit to avoid carrying large sums of money

    -Merchants take out loans to purchase goods and banking grows

Slide 22

Society Changes

    -Cities expand- Serfs move to town

    -Economic changes led to the growth of cities and paying jobs

Slide 23

Urban Life flourishes

Slide 24

Growing Urban Population

    -1000-1150, Europe’s population rises from 30 million to 42 million

    -Most towns are small, but they help drive change

Slide 25

Trade and Towns Grow Together

    -Towns are uncomfortable; crowded, dirty, full of fire hazards

    -Serfs can become free by living in a town for a year and a day

Slide 26

Higher Order Question: What problems would develop because of the rapid growth of cities?

Answer: 1. Building couldn’t keep pace with the population 2. Water and waste management would overwhelm the system

Slide 27

Merchant Class Shifts The Social Order

Slide 28

The Merchant Class Gains Power

    -Feudal lords tax and govern towns, causing resentment

    -Towns are taken over by Burghers: town merchants

Slide 29

    Traditional Medieval Social Order

            -Kings/Nobles, Peasants

            -King, Merchants, Nobles, Peasants

Slide 30

The Revival of Learning

    -Crusader contact with the Byzantine and Islamic Empire exposed Europeans to Greek and Roman Works again

Slide 31

The Muslim Connection

        Greek and Roman works are known as the classics and are the foundation of Western Civilization.  The House of Wisdom was a huge collection of books, transcripts and         history of knowledge.  Jewish scholars translated the the transcripts into Latin. 

    -Christian Scholars read translations of Greek and Roman works made by Muslims

    -Crusaders return with Muslim Knowledge of navigation, ships, weapons and Western Culture (House of Wisdom)

Slide 32

Higher Order Question: Where would we be now, in knowledge, if the Muslims had not saved so much knowledge from Greece and Rome.

Answer: These writings were the basis of our Western culture.

Slide 33

Scholars and The University

    -Groups of scholars gather to teach and learn; form universities

        -Universities were groups of people

    Written works not in Latin but in: Vernacular- everyday language

Slide 34

Higher Order Question: Why do you think most students were from the merchant class?

Answer: The Merchant class could afford to send they kids to school, peasants could not

Slide 35

Aquinas and Medieval Philosophy

        Thomas Aquinas wrote a book called “Summa Theologicae” Which argued that the most     basic truths about religion could be proved through logical arguments.

    -Thomas Aquinas, a religious scholar, mixes Greek and Christian thought

        -Argued that most basic religious truths could be proved by logical argument

    -He is a scholastic- university man; debates issues to increase knowledge

Slide 36

The End

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

HistorySimulation.com

Interactive and engaging lesson plans

      Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Changes In Medieval Society". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of how Medieval Society Changed in Europe. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the changes that happened in Medieval Society

      The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther.  It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage students in the events of Medieval Times. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember. 
 
The Topics include: Changes In Agriculture, Development of Guilds, The Commercial Revolution, Business and Banking, The Revival of learning

Number of Slides: 36  $3.60

Included in The Presentation Package:
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Source: 
McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
An Age of Exchange and Encounter
The Formation of Western Europe
Chapter 14, Section 2 "Changes In Medieval Society"