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Collapse of The Soviet Union PowerPoint

      Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "The Collapse of The Soviet Union". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of how and why The Soviet Union Collapsed in the early 1990's. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events of the end of the Soviet Union.
      The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther.  It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the Collapse of The Soviet Union. At less than $5.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.  
The Topics include: Russia, Soviet Union, Cold War, Mikhail Gorbachev, Leonid Brezhnev, Communist Party, Glastnost, Perestroika, Central Planning, Democratization, INF Treaty, Ronald Reagan, Lithuania, Boris Yeltsin, The August Coup, Commonwealth of independent States, Shock Therapy, Chechnya, Vladimir Putin.
Number of Slides: 42  $4.20

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McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
Perspectives On The Present
Struggles For Democracy
Chapter 35, Section 3 "The Collapse of The Soviet Union"

The Soviet Union Collapses
PowerPoint and Keynote Presenter’s Notes
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 35, Section 3
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
Slide 1
The Collapse of The SOVIET UNION
Chapter 35 Section 3
Slide 2
The Cold War
-After WWII, the US and USSR engaged in the “Cold War”
    -Competed for influence
    -Soviets kept tight control over its’ people and Eastern Europe
Slide 3
Concept: Change
To Make or Become Different
Slide 4
Gorbachev Moves Toward Democracy
Slide 5
Soviet Leadership
-Politburo: ruling committee of the Communist Party; rules USSR harshly
-Leonid Brezhnev dies in 1982; two successors rule briefly
After Brezhnev, the Soviets had two leaders that were old and stale- much like the country had become.  A new invigorating leader would come along after the two had passed away early in their rule.  Gorbachev would bring new vitality and ideas to an aged empire!
Slide 6
Total Control
-Leonid Brezhnev & The Politburo:
    -Censored Media
    -Restricted Speech and Worship
Slide 7
A Young Leader
-Mikhail Gorbachev: becomes Soviet leader in 1984
    -Young, energetic, skilled, wants to pursue new policies: Reformer!
-Unleashes a second Revolution!
Slide 8
Higher Order Question: What former Russian leader does Gorbachev remind you of?  Explain Why
Peter the Great was constantly learning new skills and pursuing innovative technology.  He was not content with the Status Quo.
Slide 9
Glastnost (Openness)
Slide 10
Concept: Totalitarianism
Government control of all aspects of public and private life
Slide 11
1985: Glastnost Promotes Openness
-Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
    -Rewards Silence
    -Discourages individuals from acting on their own
-To achieve economic reforms, he needs open dialogue in society
-Promotes new policy of Glastnost- Openness; dissent allowed
Slide 12
-Freedom of speech and openness allows:
    -Citizens To complain:
        -Few consumer goods
        -Standing in line for basic items
    -Criticize leaders
Slide 13
Freedom of Speech
Higher Order Question: How Important is it in society?
Answer: Freedom of Speech allows for more interaction among people which in turn creates more innovation and new ideas.
Slide 14
Interaction among people creates Innovation
In this diagram we can see how interaction of people through trade helps create innovation and new ideas- in contrast to the closed authoritarian society of the Soviet Union.
Slide 15
Isolation Perpetuates Stagnation
The fear of arrest in the Soviet’s authoritarian government allowed little interaction
Slide 16
Reforming the economy and Politics    
Slide 17
Economic Restructuring
-People complain about a lack of consumer goods; Gorbachev blames the old system
-In 1985, he introduces Perestroika: policy of economic restructuring
-Hopes to make economy more efficient, productive
Gorbachev wants to stimulate the economy by introducing the free market in hopes of motivating people to increase production of consumer goods.
Slide 18
Central Planning
Party leaders make these decisions instead of Supply and Demand: No incentives.
In Central Planning, the government sets the amount that is to be produced in industrial production, the wages workers should receive and prices of goods sold.
Slide 19
Higher Order Question: What problems can be caused using the Central Planning System?
Answer: 1. Wages Stagnate: No incentive to work harder
2. Production is set: No incentive to improve quality or innovate.
Slide 20
Gradual Opening of the Political System
    -In 1987, Gorbachev unveils plans to have more Democracy
        -Voters, given a choice, elect many reformers to new legislature
Slide 21
Foreign Policy
-Gorbachev signs arms control agreement with the United States
    -INF (Intermediate Range Nuclear Weapons) Treaty
        -Banned missiles with a range of 300-3,400 miles.
Slide 22
Arms Race Leads To Arms Control
-President Reagan began the most expensive peace time build-up in history
    -2 Trillion Dollars
-Gorbachev knew they could not afford to keep up.
Slide 23
The Soviet Union Faces Turmoil
-The policies meant to reform the country lead to it’s break up.
Slide 24
Ethnic Make-Up of the Soviet Union
51% Russians
12% Other
15% East Slavs
6% Uzbecks……..
Higher Order Question: What conclusion can you draw from the Pie Chart?
Answer: Ethnic Russians barely make up the majority of the Soviet Union.
Data from 1989 Soviet Census, Ethnic groups were identified as groups of 1,000 or more.
Slide 25
The Baltic States
-Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were independent states between WWI & WWII
-In 1940, The Soviet Union, under Stalin annexed them.
In 1940 Stalin used the Non Aggression Pact with Hitler to annex The Baltic states along with Finland and half of Poland.
Slide 26
Lithuania Defies Gorbachev
-In 1990, Lithuania declares independence
-Gorbachev, fearing similar actions in other republics, sends troops and blockades Lithuania
    -Soviet Troops attacked unarmed civilians in the capital.
14 people were killed by Soviet forces and hundreds wounded.
Slide 27
Yeltsin Denounces Gorbachev
-Reformer Boris Yeltsin rallies people against Communist old guard
    -Gorbachev was weakened by Lithuanian Crackdown and slow pace of reform.
-Old time Communists oppose both Gorbachev and Yeltsin
Slide 28
The August Coup
-On August 18th 1991, Communist  Hard Liners try to seize control of the government again
-Hundreds of tanks roll into Moscow
-Thousands of protesters and Yeltsin rally against this move
-Army refuses to attack protesters and coup fails
Gorbachev is arrested at his Black Sea vacation home and told to resign.
Slide 29
Higher Order Question: Doe this story sound familiar?
Answer: The 1917 March Revolution: Soldiers ordered to fire on protestors but then side with them.
Slide 30
End of the Soviet Union
Despite Gorbachev’s pleas for unity, the Soviet Union Comes apart.
Slide 31
Ethic Revolts
-Gorbachev wants to reform the Soviet Union, but reforms lead to collapse
-Non Russian ethnic groups rebel in different republics
Slide 32
End of The Soviet Union
-Government takes actions to punish Communist Party for the coup
-Many republics declare independence; Gorbachev cannot stop them-resigns
-Republics form a federation, CIS- Commonwealth of Independent states
Slide 33
Russia Under Boris Yeltsin
Slide 34
Yeltsin Faces Problems
-Yeltsin aims to reform the Russian Economy
-Tries “Shock Therapy”- quick transition to free market system
-New policies bring economic chaos and hardship, political troubles
    -Russia slides into a deep depression
Slide 35
Higher Order Question: What is the difference between an recession and a depression?
Answer: Recession: A slow down in economic activity, Depression: A sustained long term slow down in economic activity.
Slide 36
Economic Problems Fuel a Crisis
-Lower Standard of Living
-High Interest
-Factories Close
Slide 37
Trouble In Chechnya
In 1991, this small province declared its’ independence
Slide 38
Chechnya Rebels
-1994- Yeltsin attempts to crush rebellion, sends 40,000 troops to the Capital Grozny
    -The Capital was reduced to rubble, causing unrest at home.
-As conflict continues in 1999, Yeltsin resigns in favor of Vladimir Putin
Chechnya’s population was mostly Muslim.  In 1996 Yeltsin and the Chechyn Rebels signed a cease fire.  After the election the fighting broke out again.
Slide 39
Russia under Vladimir Putin
Slide 40
Troubles Continue In Chechnya
-Putin promises to crush the rebels- wins presidential election
    -Fighting drags on in Chechnya for years
-In 2002, Chechen Rebels seize theater in Moscow, 150 die
Slide 41
Economic Political and Social Problems
-Economic problems continue, leading to unstable politics
-Social problems include homelessness, unemployment
-Declines in population, standard of living and average life expectancy
Between 30,000 and 50,000 homeless children wandered the streets of Moscow.
Slide 42
The End

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

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