Eastern City States and Southern Empires

PowerPoint and Keynote Presenters Notes

Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction

Chapter 15, Section 3

Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts

Slide 1

Eastern City States & Southern Empires

Chapter 15, Section 3

Slide 2

Africa

    -East African: Trade and Islamic Influence, Peoples of Southern Africa

Slide 3

Trade-The transferring of goods in exchange for something of value. Examples: Money, Gold

Slide 4

-Aksum’s Trade Network

-Muslims conquer Arabia and North Africa

-Capital moved to Roha

-Eastern Trade Cities: Rich

Slide 5

African city-states and empires gain wealth through developing and trading resources (gold-Manufactured goods)

Slide 6

Natural Resources: Materials or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain  

Slide 7

East Coast Trade Cities

    -Mogadishu, Malindi, Mombasa, Kilwa, Sofala

Slide 8

Bantu Language-Arabic Language= Swahili Language

Slide 9

The City State of Kilwa

        The reason Kilwa controlled all the trade from the Southern part of Africa was that was all the farther ships could travel in one monsoon season.

    -Kilwa controls trade from Southern Africa to India due to location

    -Sofala controlled the gold trade from the South

    -Kilwa conquered Sofala to become the richest city

Slide 10

Higher Order Question: What two reasons made Kilwa the richest city in the East African Trade?

Answer: 1. Trade could go no farther South, 2. Controlled all the gold coming from South Africa.

Slide 11

Trade

        Africa manufactured some materials: Weavers made cloth, Iron Tools

        Ambergris: substance produced in Sperm Whales and used to make perfumes.

Africa: Ivory, Gold, Tortoiseshells, Ambergris (Perfume), Leopard Skins, Rhinoceros Horns

Asia: China: Porcelain Bowls, India: Jewels, Cotton Cloth

Slide 12

Imperialism: The policy of extending a nations power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

Slide 13

Portuguese Conquests (1488)

    - By controlling the ports they controlled trade

        -Mombasa, Kilwa, Sofala

Slide 14

Higher Order Question: What role did technology play in the conquests by the Portuguese?  

Answer: The Portuguese had advanced weapons like the cannon that intimidated the African Kingdoms

Slide 15

Islamic Influence

Slide 16

Islam In East Africa

    -Muslim Merchants spread Islam as they trade on Eastern Coast

Slide 17

African Religion

    -Most cities governed by a muslim sultan and officials

    -Most people in the region follow traditional religions

Slide 18

Higher Order Question: Why would central and South Africa be Christian today? 

Answer: European influence from Imperialism

Slide 19

Africans Enslaved

Slide 20

A limited number of African slaves were sold in China

-Enslaved Africans sold in Arabia, Persia and India

-Trade in slaves fairly small, though steady

    -Increases drastically in the 1700’s

Slide 21

Higher Order Question: Why do you think the slave trade increased so much in the 1700’s?

Answer: Demand from plantations increased

Slide 22

South Africa and The Great Zimbabwe

Slide 23

A New Empire: Great Zimbabwe

    -The Shona people build a Southeastern Empire based on gold trade

Slide 24

Great Zimbabwe

    -Shona people farm and raise cattle between Zambezi and Limpopo rivers

    -After 1000 AD, Great Zimbabwe controls gold trade routes to Sofala

Slide 25

Higher Order Question: What geographical advantages did they have?

Answer: Ample fresh water, lots of wild game

Slide 26

Karl Mauch, a German Explorer, was the first to discover the ruins of the Great Zimbabwe in 1871.

-Leaders gain wealth by taxing traders, chiefs

-Abandoned by 1450 for unknown reasons

    -Natural resources used up: salt, timber, grasslands and farmland

-Ruins of Zimbabwe discovered in 1871

Slide 27

Higher Order Question: What possible reasons can you anticipate for the abandonment of the Great Zimbabwe?

Slide 28

The Mutapa Empire

Slide 29

Resources Run Out

    -The Great Zimbabwe’s resources are running out:

        -Wood

        -Soil

        -Fresh Water

Slide 30

Mutota

        Mwene Mutapa:  Conqueror or Master Pillager.  The Mutapa Empire controlled almost all of present day Zimbabwe.

    -Mutota- Shona who leaves Great Zimbabwe and founds a new state

        -Left to find new resources, Ex. salt

    -Mutota’s army dominates Northern Shona People, who pay him tribute

Slide 31

Mutapa Rulers

    -The Northern Shona call their rulers Mwene Mutapa or “Conqueror”

    -Mutapa- name for the African Empire that conquers Zimbabwe

Slide 32

    -By 1480 AD, Metope, Mutota’s son held a large area inland and along the coast

        -Gained wealth by mining gold

Slide 33

European Involvement

The Portuguese failed to conquer the Mutapa Empire in the 1500’s.  After that, they tried to manipulate Mutapa politics and put in leaders that were friendly to their self-interests.  This marks the beginning of a long period of European interference in Africa!

Slide 34

The End

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

Eastern City States and Southern Empires of Africa

      Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Eastern City States and Southern Empires". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of how the Eastern City States and Southern Empires of Africa developed. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions detailing these events.

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The Topics include: East African Trade, Islamic Influence, Aksum, Bantu, Kilwa, Natural Resources, religion, Slave Trade, Great Zimbabwe, Mutapa Empire, Imperialism.

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Source: 
McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
An Age of Exchange and Encounter
Societies and Empires of Africa
Chapter 15, Section 3 "Eastern City States and Southern Empires"

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