Eastern City States and Southern Empires
PowerPoint and Keynote Presenters Notes
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 15, Section 3
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
Eastern City States & Southern Empires
Chapter 15, Section 3
-East African: Trade and Islamic Influence, Peoples of Southern Africa
Trade-The transferring of goods in exchange for something of value. Examples: Money, Gold
-Aksum’s Trade Network
-Muslims conquer Arabia and North Africa
-Capital moved to Roha
-Eastern Trade Cities: Rich
African city-states and empires gain wealth through developing and trading resources (gold-Manufactured goods)
Natural Resources: Materials or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
East Coast Trade Cities
-Mogadishu, Malindi, Mombasa, Kilwa, Sofala
Bantu Language-Arabic Language= Swahili Language
The City State of Kilwa
The reason Kilwa controlled all the trade from the Southern part of Africa was that was all the farther ships could travel in one monsoon season.
-Kilwa controls trade from Southern Africa to India due to location
-Sofala controlled the gold trade from the South
-Kilwa conquered Sofala to become the richest city
Higher Order Question: What two reasons made Kilwa the richest city in the East African Trade?
Answer: 1. Trade could go no farther South, 2. Controlled all the gold coming from South Africa.
Africa manufactured some materials: Weavers made cloth, Iron Tools
Ambergris: substance produced in Sperm Whales and used to make perfumes.
Africa: Ivory, Gold, Tortoiseshells, Ambergris (Perfume), Leopard Skins, Rhinoceros Horns
Asia: China: Porcelain Bowls, India: Jewels, Cotton Cloth
Imperialism: The policy of extending a nations power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Portuguese Conquests (1488)
- By controlling the ports they controlled trade
-Mombasa, Kilwa, Sofala
Higher Order Question: What role did technology play in the conquests by the Portuguese?
Answer: The Portuguese had advanced weapons like the cannon that intimidated the African Kingdoms
Islam In East Africa
-Muslim Merchants spread Islam as they trade on Eastern Coast
-Most cities governed by a muslim sultan and officials
-Most people in the region follow traditional religions
Higher Order Question: Why would central and South Africa be Christian today?
Answer: European influence from Imperialism
A limited number of African slaves were sold in China
-Enslaved Africans sold in Arabia, Persia and India
-Trade in slaves fairly small, though steady
-Increases drastically in the 1700’s
Higher Order Question: Why do you think the slave trade increased so much in the 1700’s?
Answer: Demand from plantations increased
South Africa and The Great Zimbabwe
A New Empire: Great Zimbabwe
-The Shona people build a Southeastern Empire based on gold trade
-Shona people farm and raise cattle between Zambezi and Limpopo rivers
-After 1000 AD, Great Zimbabwe controls gold trade routes to Sofala
Higher Order Question: What geographical advantages did they have?
Answer: Ample fresh water, lots of wild game
Karl Mauch, a German Explorer, was the first to discover the ruins of the Great Zimbabwe in 1871.
-Leaders gain wealth by taxing traders, chiefs
-Abandoned by 1450 for unknown reasons
-Natural resources used up: salt, timber, grasslands and farmland
-Ruins of Zimbabwe discovered in 1871
Higher Order Question: What possible reasons can you anticipate for the abandonment of the Great Zimbabwe?
The Mutapa Empire
Resources Run Out
-The Great Zimbabwe’s resources are running out:
Mwene Mutapa: Conqueror or Master Pillager. The Mutapa Empire controlled almost all of present day Zimbabwe.
-Mutota- Shona who leaves Great Zimbabwe and founds a new state
-Left to find new resources, Ex. salt
-Mutota’s army dominates Northern Shona People, who pay him tribute
-The Northern Shona call their rulers Mwene Mutapa or “Conqueror”
-Mutapa- name for the African Empire that conquers Zimbabwe
-By 1480 AD, Metope, Mutota’s son held a large area inland and along the coast
-Gained wealth by mining gold
The Portuguese failed to conquer the Mutapa Empire in the 1500’s. After that, they tried to manipulate Mutapa politics and put in leaders that were friendly to their self-interests. This marks the beginning of a long period of European interference in Africa!
These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.
Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Eastern City States and Southern Empires". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of how the Eastern City States and Southern Empires of Africa developed. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions detailing these events.
The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther. It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage students in the events of African History. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
The Topics include: East African Trade, Islamic Influence, Aksum, Bantu, Kilwa, Natural Resources, religion, Slave Trade, Great Zimbabwe, Mutapa Empire, Imperialism.
Number of Slides: 34 $3.40
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