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Fascism Rises In Europe Presentation

Fascism Rises In Europe

PowerPoint and Keynote Presenters Notes

Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction

Chapter 31, Section 3

Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts

Slide 1

Fascism Rises In Europe

Chapter 31 Section 1

Slide 2

Totalitarianism: Government control of all aspects of public and private lives

Slide 3

Countries Lose Faith In democracy- Turn To Fascism

    -Many people frustrated by peace treaties and the Great Depression

Slide 4

Fascism: A political philosophy, movement or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and stands for a centralized government headed by a dictator.

    -Severe economic and social regimentation

    -Forcible suppression of the opposition

Slide 5

Higher Order Question: What is the main focus of Fascism and Communism?

Answer: The State

Slide 6

Fascism’s Rise In Italy

Slide 7

New Political Movement

    -Fascism is new, militant political movement

        -Emphasizes nationalism and loyalty to an authoritarian leader

            -The Rods: All the political parties

            -The Strap: Fascist Party holds the parties together (Strength)

            -The Roman Ax: Militarism

Slide 8

Compare & Contrast: Communism and Fascism

    -Communism & Fascism:

        -Ruled by a dictator

        -One Party Rule

        -Denied Individual Rights

        -State Is Supreme

    -Communism

        -Classless Society

        -Internationalists

    -Fascism

        -Class has it’s place

        -Nationalists

Slide 9

Mussolini Takes Control

Mussolini was a veteran of WWI and then became a newspaper editor.  He founded the Fascist Party in 1919.

Slide 10

Leadership: To be responsible for guiding a group of people or nation

Slide 11

Bitter Dissapointment

    -Over the Paris Peace Conference

        -Italians expected to gain large chunks of territory

        -Widespread Unemployment and Rising Inflation

            -Leads to Social Unrest

            -Italians want a leader who will take action

Slide 12

The Blackshirts

    -Groups of Fascists attacked rival groups: Communists and Socialists

    -Played into the fears of the industrialists, Aristocrats and Middle Class- winning their support

    -October 1922: 30,000 Fascists march on Rome

Slide 13

Emanuel Gives In To The Fascists and People

    -Fascist Party Leader, Benito Mussolini, promises to rescue Italy

    -Italian King puts Mussolini in charge of government

    -Mussolini takes power legally, but claims it was “violent takeover”

The King felt Mussolini was the best chance for his dynasty to survive. The threat of widespread revolt helped the king make his decision.

Slide 14

Il Duce’s Leadership “The Leader”

    -Mussolini take firm control of politics, media and the economy in Italy

    -Outlaws all political parties except the Fascists

        -Secret Police jail his opponents

    -Mussolini never had total control like Hitler and Stalin

Slide 15

Higher Order Question: Why did Mussolini’s popularity increase as the economy declined?

Answer: He offered leadership and change

Slide 16

Hitler Rises To Power In Germany

Slide 17

A New Power

    -Adolf Hitler: Obscure political figure in 1920’s Germany

        -Served in WWI

        -Found the NSDAP while spying for the army

            -National Socialist German Workers Party

Austrian born, Hitler volunteered for the German Army.  He won the Iron Cross twice for bravery.

Slide 18

The Brown Shirts “Storm Troopers”

    -Private Militia of the Nazi Party

        -Harasses and physically attacks Nazi opponents, Jew and other minority groups

        -The SA had grown to 2 million men by 1934

            -German Army was 100,000

Slide 19

Militarism: Policy of glorifying military power and being prepared for war

Slide 20

The Rise of The Nazis

    -Nazism: German brand of Fascism

        -Hitler becomes Nazi Leader, plots to seize national power

        -Der Fuhrer “The Leader”

The Nazis didn’t invent the Swastika, it appears in many ancient civilizations: Greek, Celtic, Byzantine and Buddhist inscriptions

Slide 21

The Beer Hall Putsch

    -November 1923, Nazis attempt to takeover the government

        -Nazis storm out of a beer hall and march on the government

        -Hitler and other Nazis were arrested

            -Sentenced to 5 years, served 9 months

The Nazis were inspired by Mussolini’s March on Rome. Didn’t have quite the same effect.

Slide 22

Mein Kampf

    -Hitler’s Book: “My Struggle”

        -Describes his beliefs and goals

            -Germans are the “Master Race”

            -Jews, Gypsies and Slavs are Inferior

        -Germans turn to Hitler after the economy collapses

Mein Kamph was written while Hitler was imprisoned.

Slide 23

Lebensraum: Living Space In The East

    -Hitler believed that Germany was overcrowded

        -Believed that Germans needed more living space

        -Wanted to conquer inferior peoples to the East: Poland, Czechoslovakia and The Soviet Union

Slide 24

A Tangled Financial Web

    -Great Depression

        -Frightened, the German People turned to Hitler for strong leadership

Slide 25

Hitler Becomes Chancellor

    -Conservatives believe they can control  him as Chancellor

Slide 26

Higher Order Question: What personal characteristics enabled Hitler to become a popular leader?

Answer: Organization, Great Speaker, Persistent and Driven

Slide 27

Hitler’s New Power

    -By 1932, Nazis largest political party

    -Hitler named Chancellor

        -Reichstag Fire

    -Turns Germany into Totalitarian State

    -Uses brutal tactics to eliminate enemies

Once in office, Hitler called for new elections.  6 days before the elections, The Parliament building burned down.  The Nazis blamed the Communists and fear helped them win a majority.

Slide 28

The Fuhrer is Supreme

    -Hitler takes control of every aspect of German Life

        -SS: Protection squad loyal to Hitler

        -Gestapo: Secret Police

        -Hitler Youth

        -Propaganda: Total control of the Media

The SS or Schutzstaffel, was loyal only to Hitler.  Hitler’s private guard arrested and murded thousands of Hitler’s opponents.

Slide 29

Controlling the Economy

    -Hitler bans Labor Unions and Strikes

        -Hitler puts people to work building highways, factories and swelling the military.

Slide 30

Hitler Makes War on the Jews

    -Anti-Semitism: Hatred of Jews

        -Jews: Scapegoats (Less than 1% of the population)

    -Nuremburg Laws: Nazis deprive Jews of rights

    -Krystallnacht: Night of the broken glass

Slide 31

Other Countries Fall To Dictators

Slide 32

The World Is Divided

    -Most of Eastern Europe falls to dictators

    -Only Czechoslovakia retains Democratic Government

    -World splits into two camps: Democratic and Totalitarian

Dictatorships took many forms: Some were kingdoms like Rumania that cracked down on it’s own people and suspended constitutions.

Slide 33

The End

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

Fascism Rises In Europe PowerPoint

      Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Fascism Rises In Europe". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of the development of Fascism in Italy and Germany. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events leading to the rise of Hitler and Mussolini.
      The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther.  It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the events of Europe. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.  
The Topics include: Subjects: Mussolini, Blackshirts, King Victor Emmanuel, Adolf Hitler, NSDAP, Germany, Italy, Brown Shirts, Nazi Party, Beer Hall Putsch, Mein Kampf, Lebensraum, Chancellor, Fuhrer, Nuremberg Laws, Krystall Nacht, Authoritarian, Dictators

Number of Slides: 33  $3.30

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Source: 
McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
The World At War
Years of Crisis
Chapter 31, Section 3 "The Rise of Fascism"