Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Feudalism In Europe". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of why feudalism developed in Europe. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events leading to a drastic change in Europe's political structure.
The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther. It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the events of Europe. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
The Topics include: Europe Fragments, Charlemagne, Treaty of Verdun, Invaders: Vikings, Magyars, Muslims, Feudalism, Normandy, Feudal System, medieval manors, serfs, peasants, vassals, knights
Number of Slides: 32 $3.20
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McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
An Age of Exchange and Encounter
European Middle Ages
Chapter 13, Section 2 "Feudalism In Europe"
Feudalism In Europe Presentation
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 13 Section 2
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
-Charlemagne’s Empire fragments after his death in 814 AD
-The Treaty of Verdun divides the empire into three pieces
-Outside invaders attack Europe: Vikings, Muslims and Magyars
-Europe was now in a state of constant warfare
Higher Order Question: Why do you think Europe continued to fragment after Charlemagne’s death?
Answer: The lack of strong rulers and outside invasions led to a new system of governing: Feudalism
Invaders Attack Western Europe
-The Vikings invade from the North
The Vikings were called Northmen or Norsemen. They were Germanic, ethnically and worshiped war like gods.
-Major Rivers in Europe: Tagus, Loire, Po, Danube, Dneiper, Don, Volga, Rhine, Thames, Elbe, Vistula, Oder
-Warlike Vikings raid Europe from Scandinavia: Denmark, Norway and Sweden
The Vikings were interested in stealing valuable items and not interested in conquering territory and holding it. The ships were so fast, the people they attacked had no time to mount a defense and they were gone before anyone could react. The Vikings were the first to reach North America nearly 500 years before Columbus. (Leif Ericson)
-Viking Ships were versatile
-Could navigate the ocean as well as rivers
-Fast moving: could appear quickly and disappear as well.
-Vikings were plunderers not conquerors
Higher Order Question: What kind of religion did the Vikings have before they accepted Christianity?
Answer: Mythological, Pagan Religion. Stories based on ruthless and aggressive characters.
-Viking Raids Fade
Farming would have been easier and less risky, compared to a seafaring lifestyle that promoted lawless killings and stealing.
-Two important factors contributed to the end of Viking raids into Europe:
-The Vikings accepted Christianity
-Warming trend made farming easier in Scandinavia
-Magyars and Muslims invade from the East and South
The Magyars were superb horsemen, like the Mongols and they attacked isolated villages and monasteries.
-Magyars Invade Western Europe
-As the Viking threat lessened, new invaders attacked Europe
-Magyars: Hungarian Nomads rode into Western Europe
-The Magyars did not settle conquered lands, but instead took people to sell as slaves.
-Muslims Invade Southern Europe
-Muslim invaders attacked from Spain and North Africa
-Originally, the Muslims wanted to conquer and settle Europe
-By the 800-900’s they were focused on plunder.
Higher Order Question: Why do you think these people raided and did not occupy the land?
Answer: Their purpose was to gain wealth, not to gain territory or build an empire.
-These invasions caused widespread suffering, the breakdown of civilization and trade.
-Europe shattered into many small kingdoms.
A New Social Order: Feudalism (Societies based around protection)
This shows how much power the king had lost and that power was local. This meant that protection of the King’s land was really on a local level and the power of central government was almost non-existent.
-In 911, two leaders met at the peace table
-Rollo: Head of a Viking Army
-Charles the Simple: King of France
-Th king had little power and was forced to grant Rollo the Northern part of France: Northmen’s Land or Normandy
-Feudalism: System Based on Rights and Obligations
-Military service in exchange for land and or services
Social Systems: People in a society organized by a characteristic of behaviors
-Feudalism Structures Society
A similar system developed in China under the Zhou Dynasty from the 11th century BC to 256 BC. Japan had a similar system from 1192 AD to the 1800’s.
-850 to 950, feudalism emerges (Political system based on land control)
-A lord (landowners) gives fiefs (land grants) in exchange for services
-Vassals- (people who receive fiefs) become powerful landholders
-The Feudal Pyramid: King-(Bishops & Nobles)- Knights- Peasants
-The Feudal System
-Power in the feudal system much like a pyramid, with king at the top
-Kings served by nobles who are served by knights; peasants at the bottom
-Knights- horsemen-defend their lord’s land in exchange for fiefs
-Social Classes Are Well Defined (Status determines prestige and power)
-Medieval Feudal System classifies people into three social groups
-Social class is usually inherited
-Fight: Nobles and knights
-Pray: men and women of the church
Higher Order Question: Compare and Contrast the Feudal System and the Confucian Civil Service System.
Answer: Compare: Social Classes are well defined, Contrast: CCSS you can move up based on ability, Feudal you cannot.
-Vast majority of people are peasants
-Most peasants are serfs- ( People lawfully bound to place of birth)
-Serfs aren’t slaves, but what they produce belongs to their lord -Manors: The economic side of feudalism
-Manor: The Lord’s Estate
-Obligation: Serfs and Peasants maintain the Lord’s Estate: Give labor and grain
-Obligation: The Lord, Provide housing, farm land and protection from bandits
-A Self-Contained World
Peasants and serf’s whole world was literally what they could see. about a 25 mile range their whole life. The serfs and peasants produced nearly everything the manor needed : wheat rye, barley, oats, except: Mill stones, iron and salt.
-Medieval manors include lord’s house, church, workshops, village
-Manors cover a few square miles of land, are largely self-sufficient
Higher Order Question: Why do you think manors were self-sufficient?
Answer: The breakdown of trade and rise of feudalism forced kingdoms to become self sufficient to survive.
-The Harshness of Manor Life (Peasants Pay A High Price!)
Marriage’s could only take place with the Lord’s consent and a marriage tax had to be paid. Not using the manors mill or bakery was considered a crime.
-Peasants pay taxes to use the mill and bakery
-Serfs live in crowded cottages with dirt floors, straw for beds
-Daily grind of raising crops, livestock; feeding and clothing family
-Tithe- (a church tax) is equal to one-tenth of a peasants income
-Poor diet, illness, malnutrition make life expectancy: 35 years
-Life expectancy today: 78.7
-Serfs generally accept their lives as part of God’s plan
These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.
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