Human Origins In Africa
PowerPoint and Keynote Presenter’s Notes
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 1, Section 1
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
-Unit 1 “Beginnings of Civilization” 4 Million BC to 200 BC
-Chapter 1 The Peopling of the World, Section 1
-How humans developed and migrated around the world.
Higher Order Question: Why don’t we know what the earliest humans were like?
Answer: Because they developed before the age of writing.
Human Origins in Africa
-Prehistory: The time before written records
Scientists Search For Human Origins
Timeline of Human History
-Prehistory: The time before writing
-History: The time after writing developed
-AD: Ano Domini “The Year of Our Lord”
-BC: Before Christ
Some people are more comfortable with BCE, Before the Common Era and CE the Common Era which takes out the religious aspect of measuring time. The fact remains that everyone measures time from the Birth of Christ.
Archeologists: History’s Detectives
-Specially trained scientists
-Human Made Objects
-Deeper the find: older/more primitive
-Humans and Animals
-Determine size, diet and what they looked like
Anthropologists & Paleontologists
-Study the culture of a people
-Remains preserved in rocks
-Archeologists, Paleontologists and Anthropologists all work together
Culture:The traditions, customs or way of life for a community
Components of Culture
-Common Practices: What people eat, Clothing and adornment, sports, tools & technology, social customs, work
-Shared Understandings: Language, symbols, religious beliefs, values, the arts, political beliefs
-Social Organization: Family, Class and Caste Structure, Relationships: Individual and Community, Government, Economic System, View of Authority
How Culture Is Learned
-Culture is learned through:
-Observation, Imitation, Teaching
Early Footprints Found
- 1978: Mary Leakey discovers footprints of early Hominids
-Tanzania East Africa
-Hominids: human like creatures that walk upright
-Important evidence of human ancestors
-4 Million years ago- Australopithecines- 1 million years ago
The Discovery of Lucy
-Donald Johanson and his team were searching for early human fossils, 1974
-Found a partial female hominid skeleton “Lucy”
-3.5 million years old
-The name “Lucy” comes from the Beatles song “Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds” This was the oldest Hominid found up to that date.
The Opposable Thumb
-In addition to walking upright, these primates had developed opposable thumbs.
-Key to picking up small objects and making tools
The Old Stone Age Begins
Time Measured by Achievements
-Old Stone Age “Paleolithic” 2.5 million to 8,000 BC
-Invention of Tools
-Mastery of Fire
-New Stone Age “Neolithic” 8,000 BC To 3,000 BC
-Polish Stone Tools
-Much of the Paleolithic Age was during the Ice Ages
Glaciers Advance and Recede
-During the Ice Ages, Glaciers expanded and receded 18 times
-Homo Habilis: 2.5 Million To 1.5 Million BC
-Appeared 2.5 Million Years Ago
-Homo Habilis: “Man of Skill”
-Tools found made of lava rock
-Used to cut meat and crack bones
-Homo Erectus: 1.6 Million to 30,000 BC
-Appeared 1.6 million years ago
-Homo Erectus: “Upright Man”
-Ways of applying knowledge, tools and inventions to meet their needs
Homo Erectus Migration
-Fossils and bone tools show Homo Erectus migrated to Europe, India, China and Southeast Asia.
Higher Order Question: How would language have increased their chance for survival?
Answer: Communication would have allowed them to work together, plan the hunt and exchange ideas.
The Dawn of Modern Humans:
Homo Erectus To Homo Sapiens
Homo Sapiens “Wise Men”
Neanderthals Not Related to Cro-Magnon Man
In 1997, DNA testing on Neanderthal bones revealed they are not ancestors of modern humans.
-Neanderthal: 200,000 To 8,000 BC
-Appeared 200,000 years ago
-Homo Sapiens: “Wise Men”
-Developed Religious Beliefs
-Survived the Ice Age
-Mysteriously vanished 30,000 years ago
-40,000 To 8,000 BC
-Appeared 40,000 years ago
-Homo Sapiens: “Wise Men”
-Identical to modern humans
-Planned hunts, studied animal behaviors
-Advanced spoken Language would allow more difficult projects
-Population outgrew Neanderthals
Homo Sapien’s Migration
-Homo Sapiens migrated to Australia, Russia, North and South America
Higher Order Question: Why do you think Homo Sapiens survived while others did not?
Answer: Their ability to problem solve would have given them a distinct advantage to overcome obstacles to survival.
New Findings Add To Knowledge
Fossils, Tools and Cave Paintings
-Neanderthal Bone Flute
-43,000 to 83,000 years old
-2.33 Million year old jaw bone of human ancestors
-Bone tools at the site means tool making may have begun earlier
30,000 Year Old Cave Drawing
These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.
Human Origins Presentation
Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Human Origins In Africa". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of the development of human beings. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events in the development and migration of early humans.
The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther. It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the development of humans. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
The Topics include: Prehistory, Archaeologists, Anthropologists, Paleontologists, Anthropologists, Culture, Australopithecines, Hominids, Lucy, Stone Age, Paleolithic, Neolithic, Ice Age, Homo Habilis, Homo Erectus, Homo Sapiens, Neanderthals, Cro-Magnon Man, History, Ano Domini, AD, BC, Before Christ, CE, Common Era, BCE, Before The Common Era.
Number of Slides: 35 $3.50
Included in The Presentation Package:
1. Keynote Presentation
2. Power Point Presentation
3. Text edit file of the outline of the presentation and presenter's notes.
(The package is a digital download (Zip File) of these three items.
We have a number of PowerPoints related to Ancient World History. These units are proven to engage students in a way that text books and documentaries can’t. Hundreds of teachers are using these lesson plans to bring history to life for students. It’s a unit you’ll use year after year.
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McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
The Beginnings of Civilization
The Peopling of the World
Chapter 1, Section 1 "Human Origins"
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