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Source: World History Patterns of Interaction Click Here For PowerPoint/Keynote Preview


Chapter 12, Section 3

Presentation Notes

Higher Order Questions

Southeast Asia

    -SE Asia includes: Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines.

    -Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea

        -Several smaller kingdoms prosper in East and SE Asia, a region culturally influenced by China and India

Question: What are some reasons China and India would be interested in SE Asia?

Answer: 1. Trade Routes  2. Markets  3. Spread Religion

Kingdoms of Southeast Asia

    -Geography of Southeast Asia

        -Area between the Pacific and Indian Oceans

            -Includes mainland and islands

            -Mountains make travel difficult

        -Five Major Rivers: Mekong, Salween, Irrawaddy, Nan, Red

Higher Order Question: Why is controlling rivers and harbors important?

Answer: By controlling rivers and harbors you control all trade

Influence of India and China

The Monsoon winds allowed or influenced Indian traders to begin trading with the people of Southeast Asia.

    -Indian Traders arrive in first century AD

        Bring Buddhism and Hinduism

    -Indian influence remains today

    -Chinese migrants and traders bring Chinese influence

Religion: A system of beliefs symbols and rituals that guide human behavior gives meaning to life and unites believers into a community

Chinese Influence

The Chinese forced some parts of Southeast Asia  to pay Tribute and conquered some regions as well.    

    -Chinese ideas and culture spread over the trade routes and through migration

        -Chinese also influenced SE Asia politically

The Khmer Empire

    -For centuries, the Khmer Empire was the power on the SE Asian Mainland.

    -Khmer Empire (Cambodia) reached it’s peak by 1200 AD

        -Elaborate Infrastructure

            -Improved rice cultivation

                -Elaborate waterways and irrigation systems

                -Increased from 1 to 3 rice crops a year

        -Capital at Angkor

The god Vishnu is responsible for upkeep of the world and is part of the three main gods of the Hindu religion.  The Complex sits on one square mile.

            -Khmer built a huge set of complexes and temples

                -Dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu

                -One of the World’s greatest architectural achievements

Island Trading Kingdoms

    -The Sailendra Dynasty

The Empire of Srivijaha grew rich taxing the trade threw it’s waters.

        -Sailendra Dynasty rules on the island of Java

            -Culture shows Indian influence

            -Agricultural Kingdom

        -Island Empire Srivijaya dominated the area from 600’s to 1200’s

        -Buddhist Temple

            -Buddhist Temple at Borobudur (Indian Influence)

                -Nine terraced levels like a stepped pyramid

            -Capital: Palembang, great center of Buddhist learning

The Dai Viet

    -Chinese Dominance

        -In 101 BC, during the Han Dynasty, China captured the region of Northern Vietnam

        -After the Tang Dynasty had weakened, Vietnam becomes an independent kingdom, Dai Viet, in 939 AD

Vietnamese Culture: A blend of Chinese and Vietnamese Traditions

The peoples of Southeast Asia least influenced by India was Vietnam.

Vietnam: independent, but influenced

    -Influenced by Chinese Culture: Buddhism, government

        -Keep own cultural identity

        -Women have more independence than Chinese women

    -The Ly Dynasty: 1009-1225 AD

        -Established a strong central government

            -Capital at Hanoi

            -Encouraged agriculture and trade

            -Built a strong infrastructure

        -The Ly influenced Vietnam long after their fall from power

Korean Dynasties

    -Founding of Korean Civilization

        - Korean Legend

            -First Korean State:

                -Formed by Tan’Gun

                -father was a god

                -Mother was a bear

                -Formed by descendants of the Shang Dynasty

            -Two sides of Korean culture: Native traditions and Chinese Influence

Higher Order Question: Is cultural influence like that of China on Korea a positive of negative?

Answer: Positive: Exposes them to new knowledge and innovation Negative: May lose some of their cultural identity.

    -Geography

        -Geography of Korea

            -Peninsula with little arable land; mountains and seas isolate it.

Isolation: To have little or no contact with other peoples

    -Early History

        -Before 108 BC, Korea is controlled by Clans

        -In 108 BC, The Han Empire of China conquers Korea

        -Chinese introduce:

            -Governing method

            -Religions: Buddhism, Confucianism

            -System of Writing

        -Three regional powers arise:

            -Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla

        -The Silla defeats others, drives out Chinese.

        -Silla rule: Buddhist monasteries, bronze sculptures, writing system.

    -The Koryu Dynasty

        -By the 900’s the Silla Empire had weakened

            -Around 935, A rebel officer: Wang Kon gains control and forms the Koryu Dynasty, rules to 1392.

        -Less social mobility than the Chinese

            -Wang Kon models his government on China’s Civil Service System, with differences:

                -Noble sons got the best positions: heredity

                -Koryu dominated by wealthy landowners

Higher Order Question: The Koryu used heredity to hand out government positions. What would be the downside?

Answer: You would not always get the most qualified people in government positions.

    -The Mongol Occupation

        -1231-1360’s demanded a crushing tribute: 20,000 Horses, Clothing for 1 million soldiers, and many children and artisans taken as slaves.

        -The occupation ended with the collapse of the Mongol Empire

    -End of the Koryu Dynasty

The Yi Dynasty lasted for 518 years.

        -In 1392, a group of scholar officials and military leaders overthrew the Koryu.

            -They instituted land reform (redistribution of Land)

            -New dynasty established: Choson or Yi Dynasty

        -Koryu Culture

            -Inspired by Song Artists; Korean Artists produce Celadon Pottery

            -Korean Artisans produce: Wood blocks for printing (Destroyed by the Mongols) and Buddhist Sculptures.

      HistorySimulation.com has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "The Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of the development of empires in Asia. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events surrounding the development of kingdoms in Asia.
      The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther.  It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the events of Asia. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.  
The Topics include: Southeast Asia, Korea, Influence of India and China, Influence of India and China, The Khmer Empire, Island Trading Kingdoms, The Dai Viet, The Ly Dynasty, Korean Dynasties, Early History, Koryu Dynasty, Mongol Occupation, Koryu Culture
 
Number of Slides: 35  $3.50

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Source: 
McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
An Age of Exchange and Encounter
Empires In East Asia
Chapter 12, Section 5 "Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea"

Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea Presentation

Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea PowerPoint