PowerPoint and Keynote Presenter's Notes
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 14, Section 4
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
The Hundred Years War and The Plague
-An age of disasters brings an end to the Middle Ages
In the 1300’s, Europe was torn apart by:
-The Hundred Years War
A Church Divided
-At the beginning of the 1300’s, the “Age of Faith” (800-1500 AD) was still going strong.
Change: To Make or become different
Philip tried to bring the pope to France for trial, but he was rescued. After this, Popes would never again be able to make monarchs obey them.
Pope and King Collide
-Spiritual (Pope Boniface VII)
-In 1300, Pope Boniface VII asserts authority over France’s Philip IV.
-“Kings must always obey Popes”
-Political (Philip IV)
-Philip began to assert authority over French Bishops.
-Philip has him imprisoned; Pope dies soon after.
Philip’s Minister: “My masters sword is made of steel, the Pope’s is made of words”
Avignon and the Great Schism
-1305: Pope Clement V (French)
1378: Pope Urban VI (Italian)
-Arrogant and bent on reform, Cardinals regret choosing him right away
Pope Clement VII (French)
1305-Popes would live in Avignon for 69 years.
-Each Pope declares the other false, causing split called The Great Schism (Sizem)
-By 1414, There were three popes at once. All three were forced to resign
-In 1417, Council of Constance ends Schism, chooses Martin V as Pope
-The Schism left the Papacy greatly weakened.
-What Started this chain of events?
Higher Order Thinking Question: Why was the Papacy /Church Weakened?
Answer: Moving the Papacy to Avignon France and the French King having so much influence hurt the Church’s credibility.
Scholars Challenge Church Authority
-Englishman John Wycliffe argues Jesus is the head of the church, Not the Pope.
-Wycliffe preaches against wealth and worldliness of clergy
-Inspires English translation of New Testament
Jan Hus- Bohemian Professor, teaches that the Bible is the final authority
-Hus is excommunicated, tried as a heretic, burned at the stake in 1415.
The Bubonic Plague Strikes!
-Unlike catastrophes that bring communities together, this one ripped apart the very fabric of life.
“The Scourge had implanted so great a terror in the hearts of men and women that brothers abandoned brothers, uncles their nephews, sisters their brothers, and in many cases wives deserted their husbands. But even worse, fathers and mothers refused to nurse and assist their own children.” The Decameron
In 1300’s, Europe suffers Bubonic Plague- extremely deadly Disease
-The Bubonic Plague was also known as the “Black Death” for the black spots it left on the skin.
Origins & impact of the Plague
-Begins in Asia, spreads to Italy and other countries over trade routes
Effects of the Plague
-Town populations fall, trade declines, prices rise
-Some serfs leave manors for paying work (Cities)
-Many Jews blamed and killed; Church suffers, weakened
Higher Order Question: Could this happen today? What precautions would you take?
Answer: 1. Food/Supplies 2. Self Defense 3. Barter System?
The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
-England Vs. France
The Hundred Years War marks the end of Medieval Society
England and France
-Last Capetian King dies without a successor
-English King Edward III claims French Throne
-For the next 116 years, England will be fighting in France for the French Throne
-Edward III was the grandson of Philip IV of France
The Longbow Changes Warfare
-In 1346, English Army , with Longbows, defeats much larger French Army.
-The English win other victories with Longbows in 1356 and 1415
-Victory of Longbows signals the end of reliance on knights
-The first English use of the Longbow at the Battle of Crecy
-Question: How does technology effect warfare now?
The Longbow “Machine Gun of the Middle Ages”
Comparing Longbow and Crossbow
Higher Order Question: How does technology affect warfare today?
Answer: Range, Accuracy, Stealth, Intelligence
-In 1420, The French signed a treaty allowing the English King to assume the French Throne after the death of Charles VI.
Henry V was the English King that was supposed to inherit the French Throne upon Charles VI death.
Joan of Arc
-Joan of Arc: French peasant girl who believes in the visions of saints
-She leads the French Army to victory at Orleans; Charles VII crowned king
-As the fighting to take the fort blocking the road to Orleans saw the French retreating, Joan and a few soldiers charged the fort and the French Army followed them to victory!
-In 1430 England’s allies, the Burgundians, capture Joan in battle
-The Church condemns Joan as a witch and heretic
-On May 30th 1431, she is burned at the stake
Even though Charles VII owed his crown to Joan, he did nothing to try and rescue her.
Higher Order Question: Why do you think the French King did nothing to rescue Joan of Arc?
Answer: The King was probably not prepared to go up against the Church.
The Impact of the Hundred Years War
-Hundred Years War ends in 1453
-France and England experience major changes
-rise in nationalistic feelings; king becomes national leader
-Power and prestige of the French monarch increases
-religious devotion and the code of Chivalry crumbles
-England begins period of turmoil, War of the Roses
-The Hundred Years War is considered the end of Chivalry and the Middle Ages.
These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.
The Hundred Years War & The Plague Presentation
Interactive and engaging History lesson plans
Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "The Hundred Years War and The Plague". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of The Hundred years war and the plague in Europe. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions detailing these two events.
The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther. It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage students in the events of Medieval Times. At $3.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
The Topics include: Hundred Years War, The Bubonic Plague, End of Middle Ages, Great Schism, Long Bow, Joan of Arc
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Chapter 14, Section 4 "The Hundred Years War and the Plague"