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     Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "The Origins of Judaism". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of how the Hebrew Religion and nation of Israel developed. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions detailing these events.

      The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther.  It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage students in the events of The Reformation. At less than $6.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
 
The Topics include: Religion, Canaan, Israel, Judah, Bible, Abraham, God, Torah, Monotheism, Covenant, Exodus, Moses, Ten Commandments, Hebrews, 12 Tribes, Prophets, Saul, David, Solomon, Arc of the Covenant and Exile.

Number of Slides: 54  $5.40

Included in The Presentation Package:
1.    Keynote Presentation
2.    Power Point Presentation
3.    Text edit file of the outline of the presentation and presenter's notes.


The package is a digital download (Zip File) of these three items.

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Source:
McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
Beginnings of Civilization
People and Ideas on the Move
Chapter 3, Section 4 "The Origin of Judaism"

The Origins of Judaism

PowerPoint and Keynote Presenter’s Notes

Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction

Chapter 3, Section 4

Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts

Slide 1

The Origins of Judaism

Chapter 3 Section 4

Slide 2

Concept: Religion

A system of beliefs, symbols and rituals, that guide human behavior, gives meaning to life and unites believers into a community.

Slide 3

The Land of Canaan

-Three different peoples lived in Cancan

    -Phoenicians

    -Philistines

    -Israelites (Jews)

-Modern Day Countries

    -Israel, Syria, Lebanon & Jordan

Slide 4

The Search For a Promise Land

Slide 5

Southwest Asia: A crossroads of three continents

Slide 6

Trade Routes

-Canaan held key ports to two major trade routes

    -The mediterranean Sea

    -The Red Sea

Slide 7

Surrounded by Powerful Empires

-Canaan was surrounded by large empires that were eager to expand and control trade routes:

    -Egypt

    -Assyria

    -Babylonia

Slide 8

Q: Why would other states see Canaan as valuable?

A: By controlling sea and land trade routes they could tax them and make a lot of money

Slide 9

From Ur To Egypt

Slide 10

Torah

-Torah: First five books of the Hebrew Bible

    -Christians respect these writings as part of the Old Testament

Slide 11

In what ways are the Torah and the Vedas similar?

A: Both are our main source of knowledge about an ancient people: Israelites and Aryans and both considered sacred

Slide 12

God Chooses Abraham

The Lord said to Abraham “Go forth from your native land and from your father’s house to the land that I will show you.I will make of you a great nation and I wallless you; I will make your name great, and you shall be a blessing”

Slide 13

Abraham’s Journey

-1800 BC Abraham is a shepherd that lives near the city of Ur

    -God commands him to lead his people to Canaan: Genesis

    -1650 BC Abraham’s descendants move to Egypt

        -A drought created a fear of famine

Slide 14

How Might their monotheism have cause problems for the Israelites?

A: Not honoring local gods may have caused conflicts with local leaders

Slide 15

The God of Abraham

Slide 16

Different Beliefs

    -Polytheism: Belief in many gods

        -Example: Mesopotamia

    -Monotheism: Belief in one God

        -Jews, Christians, Muslims    

Slide 17

The Covenant

-Abraham promised to obey God and in return God promised to protect Abraham and his descendants.

A covenant is a mutal promise

Slide 18

Moses and the Exodus

Slide 19

Migration

-Between 1300 & 1200 BC

    -According to the Bible, a drought caused the Hebrews to migrate to Egfpt

        -Hebrews were welcomed and had a place of honor

        -As time passed they were enslaved

Slide 20

What theories do you have as to why the Hebrews were enslaved?

Slide 21

“Let My People Go”

Slide 22

Exodus

-The Hebrews fled Egypt between 1300 & 1200 BC

    -Called “The Exodus”

    -Remembered during Passover

    -Led by Moses, The Hebrews wandered for 40 years in the desert

Slide 23

Moses

-The Pharaoh of Egypt feared the great numbers of Israelites in Egypt

    -He ordered all Israelite baby boys be killed.

    -His mother hid him in the reeds along the Nile where he was found and adopted by an Egyptian Princess.

    Moses was raised in luxury, but never forgot his roots.

Slide 24

A New Covenant

Slide 25

The Ten Commandments

-Moses climbed Mount Sinai to pray

    -God spoke to Moses

    -Moses returned from the mountain with two stone tablets:

        -The Ten Commandments

Slide 26

The Ten Commandments

-I am the Lord they God…..Thou shalt no others gods before me

-Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven images.

-Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain

-Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy

-Honor thy Father and Thy Mother

-Thou shalt not kill

-Thou shalt not commit adultery

-Thou shalt not steal

-Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor

-Thou shalt not covet anything that is thy neighbors.

Deuteronomy 5:6-22

Slide 27

The Covenant between God and The Hebrews

-Hebrews promised to keep God’s commandments

-God promised to protect the Hebrews

Slide 28

Compare and contrast the Hebrew religion and other religions of the time

-Compare: People Tried to please them

-Contrast: Other people were polytheistic

Slide 29

The land and people of the Bible

Slide 30

Return to the land of Abraham

-After Moses died, the Hebrews returned to Canaan

    -Changed from nomadic peoples to herders, farmers and city dwellers

    -Learned technology from neighboring peoples

Slide 31

12 Tribes

-Hebrews arrived in the land called Canaan

    -Hebrews were organized into twelve tribes (Loosely)

        -Lived in separate territories

        -Self governing

    -God would unite the tribes in times of crisis

Slide 32

Hebrew Law

Slide 33

God chooses a series of judges

-Hebrew Society Roles:

    -Men: Officiate Religious Ceremonies

    -Women: Raise children

-The most prominent: Deborah

    -Very unusual for a woman to have such power

Slide 34

The Ten Commandments

-Code of laws delivered to Moses by God

    -Social and religious behavior

    -Similar to Hammurabi’s Law Code (Eye For an Eye)

    -Later interpreted by Prophets: Religious teachers

        -Encouraged the Hebrews to keep covenant with God

Slide 35

Prophets Taught:

-Worship God

-Live Justly

    “He has told you, oh mortal  what is good and what does the lord require of you but do justice and to love kindness, and     to walk humbly with your God.

    Ethical Monotheism: The emphasis on  right conduct and worship of one God  is a Hebrew idea that         influenced Christians and Muslims for thousands of years.

Slide 36

How would you compare the roles of judges and prophets in society?

Judges and prophets both interpreted law. Judges were also military leaders

Slide 37

The Kingdom of Israel

Slide 38

Canaan

-Harsh geographical features:

    -Desert

    -Rocky Wilderness

    -Grassy Hills

    -Dry: Little water

Slide 39

The Tribe of Judah

-The judges would call the 12 tribes together in case of a military crisis

    -Eventually only the tribe of Judah remained

    -Hebrews came to be called Jews and the religion: Judaism

Slide 40

Uniting Israel

-From 1020 to 922 BC, Israel was united under three kings:

    -Saul

    -David

    -Solomon

-Israel enjoyed it’s greatest period of prosperity and independence

Slide 41

King Saul

-Chosen largely because of his success against the Philistines

    -Portrayed in the Bible as a tragic, jealous man

Slide 42

King David

-Sin-in Law of Saul, succeeded him as King of Israel

    -Very popular leader

    -United the tribes of Israel

    -Established Jerusalem as capital

    -Founded a dynasty

Slide 43

How were the roles of Saul and David similar and different in establishing the kingdom?

Saul took the first step by defeating Israel’s enemies.  David solidified the kingdom and set the stage for growth under Solomon

Slide 44

Solomon Builds The Kingdom

-962 BC, David is succeeded by his son Solomon

    -Built a trading empire

    -Built a large temple dedicated to God

Slide 45

Solomon’s Temple

-Built to glorify God

    -Housed the Arc of the Covenant

        -Contained the Tablets of Moses Law

Slide 46

The Kingdom of Israel Divides

        The amount of labor required for Solomon’s building projects required every man to contribute 1 of             every three months to work on them.

        -Solomon’s building projects strained the kingdom’s finances

        -Also required crushing taxes from the people

            -Caused discontent and Jews in the North revolted and the kingdom divided in two: Israel and Judah

            -Eventually, the Northern kingdom of Israel was destroyed.

        Slide 47

How did the split in the kingdom of Israel affect each part?

Neither part was strong without the other

Slide 48

The Babylonian Captivity

Slide 49

Tribute

When a weaker power is forced to pay taxes to a stronger power in exchange for not being taken over.

Slide 50

Assyrian Threat

-Both Judah and Israel paid tribute to Assyria (Protection money)

    -Israel revolted and refused to pay tribute

    -In 725 BC, The Assyrians laid siege to Sumaria, the capital of Israel.

    -By 722 BC, the whole Northern kingdom had fallen.

Slide 51

Babylonia Rises

-The Kingdom of Judah resisted the Assyrians for 150 years

King Nebechanezer of Babylon attacked Jerusalem and the city fell in 586 BC

    -As the Assyrians lost power and faded the Babylonians rose to prominence

    -The Babylonians destroyed Judah and drove the Egyptians out of the region.

        -Solomon’s Temple was torn down stone by stone

Slide 52

Exile In Babylon

-Survivors of the attack on Jerusalem were exiled to Babylon.

    -The Prophet Ezekiel urged his people to keep the religion alive in a foreign land

-In 539 BC The Persian king, Cyrus the Great, conquered Babylon

    -In 540 BC, Cyrus allowed 40,000 Jews to return, but most stayed.

Slide 53

Return

-A new temple was built in 515 BC

-The walls of Jerusalem were rebuilt in 445 BC

-Other empires dominate the region

    -Greeks

    -Romans

Slide 54

The End

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

The Origins of Judaism

The Origins of Judaism