570 AD To 632 AD Click Here For PowerPoint/Keynote Preview

Source: World History “Patterns of Interaction”

Chapter 10 Section 1

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

Presenters Notes

Higher Order Questions

Question: Why do you thin most Arabs did not follow Judaism or Christianity?

Answer: Judaism is a Hebrew Religion and Christianity developed from Judaism.  Islam is uniquely Arab in Origin.

-The Three Faiths

    -Why Does it Matter?

        -As the world’s fastest-growing religion, Islam has a strong impact on the lives of millions today.

-Deserts, Towns and Trade Routes

    -Southwest Asia

        -A Crossroads of three continents

    -The Arabian Peninsula

        -Mostly desert with some fertile land

Question: How did land and climate influence Bedouin family life?

Answer: People relied on family to survive the harsh conditions

    -Desert and town life

        -Nomadic Life

            -Bedouins: Arab Nomads, thrive in the desert

                -Live in clans: family groups

                -Move to where resources are

        -Bedouin Ideals


            -Loyalty To Family

            -Warrior Skills

            These ideals would become important in the Islamic way of life.

        -Market Towns

            -Trade towns develop on the Western Coast of Arabia

                -Local as well as long distance trade

    -Crossroads of Trade and Ideas

Goods like: spices, incense, perfumes, precious metals, ivory and silk flowed through Arabia.

        -Trade Routes

            -Trade flowed from the Sassanid Empire, The Byzantine Empire and on the Silk Road.

Question: How would trade have an effect on knowledge?

Answer: Knowledge was spread along the trade routes. more trade= increased interaction=more knowledge

            -Crossroads of Trade

                -Influx of wealth

                -New ideas and technology

Question: What are the advantages of being at a crossroads?

Answer: You are exposed to knowledge and technology from many different places.

    -Muhammad Unifies Arabs

        -Arabs unified politically and religiously through muhammad and The Islamic Religion.

The shrine was associated with the Hebrew Abraham, a believer in One God. Although the shrine and the idols brought great wealth to Mecca, it flowed to the top and the poor saw little benefit.


            -Caravans stopped in Mecca with pilgrims to worship at an ancient shrine.

                -The shrine was called the Ka’aba

                -Filled with idols and symbols to worship

                -Source of wealth for the rich

        -Different Beliefs

            -Polytheism: Many Gods


            -Monotheism: Belief in One God

                -Jews and Christians

-The Prophet Muhammad

    -Early Life of Muhammad

Kahdijah (Kah.DEE.juh) was age 40 and Muhammad was 25 when they married.  Their marriage was good as well as their business partnership.

        -Born 570 AD

            -From a powerful Meccan Family

        -Orphaned at age 6

            -Raised by his uncle and grandfather

            -Little schooling

            -Started working with caravans

            -becomes a trader and business manager for a wealthy woman

        -At age 25, Muhammad marries Khadijah

            -By age 40 Muhammad had a comfortable life

            -Muhammad meditated and prayed alone.

        Then Everything Changed


        -He hears the Angel Gabriel tell him he is the messenger of Allah.

Recite! In the name of my Lord and cherisher, who created man out of a clot of blood. Recite! and thy Lord is most bountiful.  He who taught the pen taught man that which he knew not.Qur’an, Sura 96:1-5

        -Muhammad founds the religion of Islam

            -“Submission to the will of Allah”

        -Many join him and become Muslim

            -“One who has submitted”

        -All other gods must be abandoned

            -This would bring him into direct conflict with Mecca’s wealthy merchants.

Question: Why were Muhammad and the wealthy merchants in conflict

Answer: If Arabs abandoned the gods and idols of the Ka’aba, there would be no reason for them to travel to Mecca and trade would drop dramatically.

After Muhammad and his followers were persecuted he sent a small band of followers to Yathrib, a town 200 miles to the North of Mecca.  Many people there began to follow him.

        -The Hijrah

            -Muhammad’s followers are attacked and leave Mecca in 622 AD.

            -Hijrah: The Muslim Migration from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina)

Medina marked a turning point for Muhammad and the development of Islam.

        -Turning Point: Medina

            -Muhammad attracts followers and becomes a great leader:


                    -Joins Jews and arabs as a single community.


                    -Converts people to Islam


                    -Tackles the hostility between Mecca and Medina

Question: What does it say about Muhammad that people of other religions accepted his political leadership?

Answer: That he was well respected and respected other peoples beliefs.

    -Return To Mecca

Mecca’s leaders could see that they were no match for Muhammad and his army, so they quickly surrendered.

        -630 AD, Muhammad and 10,000 followers return to Mecca.

            -Meccan leaders surrender

            -Muhammad destroys idols in the Ka’aba

            -Meccan’s convert to Islam.

            -Muhammad unifies the Arabian Peninsula

                -Muhammad dies two years later (62)

        -Mecca Today

            -Pilgrims come to worship at the Ka’aba, an ancient shrine.

            -Arabs associate  shrine with Hebrew prophet Abraham and monotheism.

        -Dome of the Rock

            -Islamic monument in Jerusalem

            -Muslims: believe Muhammad rose to heaven here to learn Allah’s will

            -Jews: believe Abraham was prepared to sacrifice his sone Isaac at the same site.

-Beliefs and Practices of Islam

    -Main teaching of Islam: There is only one God: Allah

        -In Arabic, the word means “The God”

        - People are responsible for their own actions

        -There is good and evil in the world

Muslims do not believe that someone else can take responsibility and punishments for their sins, only the person can.

Question: How does the belief that people are responsible for their own actions conflict with Christian Beliefs?

Answer: In Christianity, Jesus takes the sins of mankind away from people and takes the punishment for them.

The 5 Pillars are duties which all Muslims must carry out.  Islam teaches that there is good & Evil.  Each individual is responsible for his or her actions.

Faith: There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger

Alms: is a religious tax

Fasting: During the Holy month of Ramadan, fast between sunrise and sunset.

Pilgrimage: same clothes so all stand equal to God.

    -The Five Pillars of Islam

        -Faith: Belief in Allah as God and Muhammad as his prophet

        -Pray five times a day facing Mecca

            -Mosque: Islamic house of worship

        -Alms: Support the less fortunate

        -Fasting: Reminder that spiritual needs are greater than physical needs

        -Pilgrimage: Hajj: Trip to Mecca, identical garments.


-Forbidden to eat Pork

-Forbidden to drink intoxicating beverages

-Friday afternoons set aside for communal worship

Scholar class of Islam: Ulama

Question: Compare and Contrast Islam with your own religion

Answer: Answers will vary depending on religion.

    -Sources of Authority

Qur’an: originally memorized by followers and later written down and compiled into the Qur’an.

Sunna: (SOON.uh)

Shari’a (shah.REE.ah)

        -Original Source: Allah (God)

            -Angel Gabrielle to Muhammad

        -Qur’an: Holy book of Muhammad’s revelations from Allah

        -Sunna: Muhammad’s example for proper living.

        -Shari’a- Body of Laws

    -Sunna: Muhammad’s example for living

        -Example: Eating

            -Never criticize any food

            -Praise Allah before each meal

            -Thank Allah after each meal

            -Eat less, balanced diet

            -Eat Slowly



            -Eat Together

    -Sharia Law: Set of laws assembled from the Sunna and Qur’an

        -According to Sharia Law:


                -Punishment: right hand amputation

            -Criticizing or denying any part of the Quran

                -Punishment: Death

            -Criticizing or denying Muhammad as the prophet

                -Punishment: Death

            -Example Country: Saudi Arabia

            -Source: www.billionbibles.org/sharia/sharia-law.html

    -Religious Similarities: Jews, Christians and Muslims

        - Same God

        -Qur’an, Torah, Gospels: God’s will revealed through others.

        -Trace roots to Abraham

        -Heaven, Hell and Judgement Day

        -Religious Tolerance

The End

     Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote Presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "The Rise of Islam". This presentation is designed to give them an overview of the development of the Islamic Religion. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events surrounding the Rise of Islam.
      The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther.  It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the events of the Islamic Religion. At less than $5.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.  
The Topics include: Geography of Arabia, Bedouin Culture,  Pre-Islamic Arab religion, Crossroads of Trade, Life of Muhammad, Basic principles of Islam
Number of Slides: 46  $4.60

Included In The Presentation Package:
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The package is a digital download (Zip File) of these three items.

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McDougal Littel's World History: Patterns of Interaction
An Age of Exchange and Encounter
The Muslim World
Chapter 10, Section 1 "The Rise of Islam"

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The Rise of Islam Presentation

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