Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia
PowerPoint and Keynote Presenter’s Notes
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 30, Section 2
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
Slide 1
Stalinist Russia
Chapter 30 Section 2
Slide 2
Stalin’s Vision
    -Stalin wants the Soviet Union to become a World Superpower”
        -Eliminates all opposition
        -Establishes Total Control:
            -Private Lives
Slide 3
A Government of Total Control
Slide 4
A government that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private life.
Slide 5
How To achieve Total Control
    -Sense of Security
    -A Clear Direction
    -Mass Communication
        -Example: Radio
Control Information
Slide 6
Characteristics of Authoritarian Leaders
    -Dynamic Leader
    -Crush Opposition
        -Secret Police (Fear)
Totalitarian Governments challenge the values of Western Democracies: reason, freedom, human dignity and the worth of the individual.
Slide 7
Tools of Authoritarian Leaders
    -Methods of control and persuasion 
        -Religious or ethnic persecution
Totalitarian Governments use different methods of control and persuasion: Terror, indoctrination
Slide 8
Police Terror
    -Central Government uses terror and violence through the secret police to control the population
Slide 9
    -Central Government glorifies the leader, promotes unconditional loyalty through schools and education: Instruction in government beliefs.
Slide 10
Propaganda and Censorship
    -Spreading biased and incomplete information
        -To sway people’s opinions
        -All media controlled by the state
        -Going against the beliefs of the state: Treason
The purpose of the poster is to tie Lenin and Stalin together as one.  Stalin wanted people to believe he was a big part of the revolution-which he wasn’t.  He is trying to draw Lenin’s popularity to himself.
Slide 11
Creating Enemies (Scapegoats)
    -Enemies of the STATE
        -Blame problems on
            -Ethnic Groups
            -Religious Groups
        -(Minorities Usually)
Slide 12
What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of a Totalitarian State?
    -Advantages:                Disadvantages:
        1. Centralized Planning        1. Few Freedoms
        2. State Above Individual        2. State Above Individual
        3. Faster Results                3. Humans: Resources
                                4.Individuals Have No Say
Slide 13
Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State
Slide 14
A Police State
    -The police monitor every aspect of people’s lives:
        -Informers: Friends, Relatives, Family
    -People feared the early morning knock at the door that meant someone was getting arrested!
Even children were informing on their parents and getting them arrested.  Something they learned in school.
Slide 15
“One death is a tragedy, one million is a statistic” Joseph Stalin
Slide 16
1937: The Great Purge
    -Stalin moves to eliminate opposition in the Communist Party
        -Eliminate Known Opposition
        -Cast a wide net to eliminate potential opposition
Thousands of old Bolsheviks who were a part of the October Revolution, which Stalin did not participate in, were put on trial and either executed or sent to the Gulags in the East.
Slide 17
Historians estimate Stalin is responsible for 8 to 13 million deaths in the “Great Purge”
Slide 18
Why do you think Stalin wanted to eliminate a lot of the party members that were involved in the revolution?
-Because he was not a part of the revolution and they knew it.
Slide 19
Soviet Propaganda and Censorship
    -Stalin’s government controlled all media
        -Artists with views outside the state’s were eliminated
        -Media was to glorify:
            -Economic Programs
Slide 20
Education & Indoctrination
    -Government control of all schools
        -Nursery to University
    -Workers were educated in party views/doctrine
            -Sacrifice and Hard Work
Slide 21
Religious Persecution
    -The Russian Orthodox Church was very powerful
        -Stalin wants to replace the church with the ideals of communism.
        -Religious symbols were replaced with worship of Stalin
Stalin, along with a group of atheists called the “League of Militant Godless”, attacked religion and built Museums of Atheism to show religious beliefs were superstitious.
Slide 22
Stalin seizes control of the Economy
“We are 50 or 100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in 10 years.” Stalin
Slide 23
1928: A Command Economy
    -In Capitalist countries, supply and demand determine the direction of the economy.
    -In order for Russia to catch up with the other countries, Stalin would have to control the direction of the economy.
Slide 24
What is the advantage of having a “Command Economy”?
The leader would be able to direct resources into the country’s area of greatest need.
Slide 25
An Industrial Revolution
Slide 26
The Five Year Plans
    -Stalin sets impossibly high goals for the output of:
        1. Steel
        2. Oil
        3. Coal
        4. Electricity
    -Severe shortages of consumer goods- People Suffer!
    -Resources shifted from consumer goods to industrialization.
Slide 27
    -Although the Russian people suffered, the progress was amazing
        -Each of the Five Year Plans- production increased significantly.
Slide 28
An Agricultural Revolution
Slide 29
Collective Farms
    -In 1917, Lenin promised land to the peasants
        -The wealthy landowners were forced to give up their land
        -Land was redistributed to the peasants
    -Stalin took the land from the peasants and created huge state owned Collective Farms
Slide 30
What did Stalin hope to accomplish with the Collectivization of farming?
    1. Boost Food Production
    2. Make farms more efficient with modern equipment
    3. Reduce the amount of labor needed to produce food- transfer to industry.
Slide 31
The Kulaks Fight Back
    -Kulaks: Peasant farmers who owned their own land
        -Refused to turn over their land/grain to the government
        -Stalin starves the Kulaks and takes their land, grain and 5-10 million lives in the process.
Slide 32
Results of Collectivization
    -Collectivization of farming was more than just taking control of agriculture
        -The selling of grain overseas paid for industrialization
        -The amount of wheat produced nearly doubled
        -Livestock dipped and then rebounded-why?
The Kulaks killed a lot of their animals and it took longer to rebuild herds.
Slide 33
Daily Life Under Stalin
Slide 34
Stalin Revolutionizes Society
    -The Good
        -The role of women expanded
        -People are better educated
    -The Bad
        -personal Freedoms Limited
        -Fewer Consumer Goods
        -Dissent Prohibited
“If a person does not want to become a collective farmer or just a cleaning woman, the only means you have to get something is through education.”
Stalin’s reforms created a high demand for skilled workers.  University and technical training became a way to a better life.
Slide 35
Women Gain Rights
Slide 36
    -The Bolshevik Revolution declared men and women equal.
        -Laws were passed granting women equality
        -Women forced into the workforce
            -Do the same jobs as men
Although women did a lot of the jobs men did, men still got the best jobs.  By 1950, women made up 75% of doctors.  Women were still expected to raise loyal, obedient citizens.
Slide 37
Total Control Achieved
Slide 38
The Man of Steel
    -By 1934, Stalin had transformed the Soviet Union into:
        -Industrial Power
        -Political Power
    -Did not tolerate individual creativity
Slide 39
The End

These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.

Case Study Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia Presentation

      Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia". This presentation is designed to give students an overview of the development of Russia or the Soviet Union under Josef Stalin. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events in the development of Stalin's totalitarian regime.
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The Topics include: Stalin, Russia, Soviet Union, Totalitarianism, Authoritarian Government, The Great Purge, Command Economy, Five Year Plans, Collective Farms and Kulaks. 
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