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Chapter 32 Section 4 "The Allied Victory"
Source: Holt-McDougal, World History, Patterns of Interaction Click Here For Power Point/Keynote Preview
Higher Order Questions
The Allied Victory
I. Overview: Led by the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the Allies defeat the Axis Powers in key battles that would decide the outcome of the war.
Stalin wants the Allies to open a second front in the West to relieve the pressure on the Soviet Armies.
Higher Order Question: How does a second front help the Allies?
Answer: By forcing the Axis to fight on two fronts- They have to split their forces and resources.
The Tide Turns On Two Fronts
- Stalin: Wants a second front in France
- Churchill: Feels Italy is "Soft Underbelly of Europe"
Churchill may have felt Italy could eventually be turned to the Allies
Turning Point: El Alamein
-Rommel takes Tobruk in June 1942 and drives the British East to El Alamein.
-Under commander Montgomery, the British defeat the Axis and drive them out of Egypt.
Montgomery could not get around Rommel’s forces so he launched a massive frontal attack- shattering Rommel’s forces and forcing them to retreat.
Higher Order Question: What strategic importance was the victory at El Alamein?
Answer: Stopped the Axis from linking up and saved the British Oil supply in the Middle East
- Under General Eisenhower, American Forces land in Morocco, November 1942.
-By May 1943, Axis forces are defeated and withdraw from Africa.
Operation Torch was led by Dwight Eisenhower. The Vichy French forces were convinced to not oppose the Allies and after some resistance they joined the Allies.
Higher Order Question: Why do you think GB and the US chose to attack the Axis in North Africa instead of France?
Answer: Withe the United States still building up it's military, GB and the US were not prepared to launch an invasion of France.
1941: The Eastern Front
- Army Group North
- Leningrad under siege
- Army Group Center
- Germans Stalled outside of Moscow
-Army Group South
- German advance stalled in the South
The German objectives for the invasion of Russia were to capture Moscow and knock the Russians out before winter.
- German 6th Army Objectives:
- Seize the oil fields of the Caucasus
- Capture Stalingrad
Stalingrad (Present Day Volgograd) was named after the Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin. It was a major industrial center located on the Volga River.
- August 1942
- Germans surround Stalingrad to the West
- November 1942
- Germans control 90% of Stalingrad
- Soviet Counter-Attack envelopes the German 6th Army
- February 1943
- German 6th Army surrenders!
Of the 330,000 german soldiers of the 6th army, 90,000 surrender, only 5,000 of that will return to Germany after the war.
Higher Order Question: Name 3 things that make Stalingrad such an important strategic city.
Answers: Major Industrial Center, Key city in controlling Southern Russia, Key port on the Volga River.
The Invasion of Italy
- Key To Italy: Sicily
- Roosevelt and Churchill decide to invade Italy
- Sicily is the key to invading Italy
- Mussolini loses power and is arrested
- The Germans occupy Italy
- The Allies invade Italy
Mussolini was put back into power by the Germans, but was Captured by Italians, shot and had his body mangled.
The Allied Home Front
- converting peacetime factories to war production
- Automobile Factories Produced Tanks
- Typewriter Factories Produced: Armor piecing shells
Countries limited or rationed goods as well as had paper and scrap metal drives to help their war effort.
War Limits Civil Rights
- In World War Two, Japanese-Americans had their civil rights violated because of the attack on Pearl harbor.
Question: Can you give an example of two of this same situation in the last 20 years?
Propaganda efforts in the United States against Japan had an adverse affect on Japanese-Americans.
Victory In Europe
Operation Overlord (The D-Day Invasion)
- The Allies plan the invasion of France
- Stalin finally gets his second front
- Allies deceive the Germans into believing the invasion will be at Calais.
- The real invasion will be at Normandy.
The Allies built an entire army around George S. Patton, who the Germans were convinced would lead the invasion. The deception kept German tanks from reaching the beaches at Normandy
- D-Day: June 6th 1944, Invasion of France
- Allied Forces capture Normandy Beaches, liberate Paris before September.
Hitler’s Atlantic Wall was a series of concrete fortifications and defenses that made the Normandy landing suffer large casualties. The Americans alone lost 2,700 men the first day.
The Battle of the Bulge, Hitler "The battle is to decide: whether we shall live or die"
German counterattack in December 1944
- Objective: split the Allied armies, Cut off supplies
- Patton's 3rd Army broke up the offensive
The armored advance was led by German Tiger Tanks including the King Tiger, Panther and Jagdtiger “Hunting Tiger”.
Germany's Unconditional Surrender
- By 1945, Allied armies approach Germany from two sides
- Soviets surround Berlin in April 1945
- On May 9th 1945, Germany officially surrenders, marking Victory in Europe Day
- President Roosevelt dies in April 1945; Harry Truman becomes president
Hitler left Admiral Doenitz in charge of the country and he is the one who surrendered to Allied forces.
Victory In The Pacific
Allies on the Offensive
After the U.S. victory at Guadalcanal, the Japanese were no longer on the offensive the rest of the war.
A Desperate Gamble
- The Japanese throw everything they have at the U.S. Navy
- Battle of Leyte Gulf
-Objective: Japanese want to destroy the American Fleet- stop supplies.
-Japanese Fleet: severely crippled
- MacArthur Re-Take The Philippines
-Kamikazees "Divine Wind"
-Japanese suicide bombers ram into ships loaded with high explosives.
The term Kamikazee comes from when the Mongols were going to invade Japan and their fleet was decimated by this “Devine Wind”.
Road To The Island of Japan
- In March of 1945, American Forces capture Iwo Jima
- U.S. takes Okinawa in 1945; Japan suffers huge casualties
- Next stop: Japan
- Advisors warn: Invading Japan could cost 500,000 lives!
- Manhattan Project: Split the Atom, create a new weapon
- The bomb can destroy an entire city.
This slide demonstrates an airburst- which was determined to be a more powerful explosion. The program to develop the Atomic Bomb was called the Manhattan Project and was led by General Leslie Groves and Scientist Robert J Oppenheimer.
A Different World
- Japanese warned about A- Bomb: No Reply
- Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima, August 6th 1945; about 75,000 killed
- Japanese warned again: No Reply
- Nagasaki bombed August 9th, about 70,000 killed
- Japanese told Tokyo next: Surrender September 2, 1945
President Truman told the Japanese that unless they surrendered they could expect “A rain of ruin from the air”.
Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "The Allied Victory" in World War 2. This presentation is designed to give them an overview of the events leading up to the Allied victory during World War II. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events leading to the allies winning the Second World War.
The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther. It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the events of World War II. At less than $4.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
The Topics include: North Africa, The Eastern Front, Invasion of Italy, The Allied Home front, D-Day, Battle of The Bulge, The Pacific Theater, The Atomic Bomb.
Number of Slides: 38 $3.80
Included in The Presentation Package:
1. Keynote Presentation
2. Power Point Presentation
3. Text edit file of the outline of the presentation and presenter's notes. (The package is a digital download (Zip File) of these three items.
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