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WWII: Japan's Pacific Campaign Presentation
Japan’s Pacific Campaign
PowerPoint and Keynote Presenters Notes
Source: World History, Patterns of Interaction
Chapter 32, Section 2
Presenters Notes, Higher Order Questions, Concepts
Japan’s Pacific Campaign
Chapter 32 Section 2
Invasion: The act of attacking a country with an armed force
Rubber, Iron Ore, Coal and Oil
-1931: Japan invades Manchuria
-1937: Japan Invades China
-Drains Japan’s Resources
-Japan then seeks resources from the rich European Colonies of Southeast Asia
Conquest: The subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by use of military force.
Surprise Attack On Pearl Harbor
Cracking The Code
The Japanese had used a version of the German Enigma machine, but by 1936 it was clear it was not a secret and they developed a new machine the American’s called “Purple”.
-By October 1940, the Americans had cracked the Japanese Naval Code
-The Japanese were planning to attack Southeast Asia
-This would threaten American Territories like Guam and the Philippines
-To slow Japan’s advance, the U.S. sent aid to China
-The Japanese invaded French Indochina: Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos
Roosevelt Cuts Off Oil To Japan
-U.S. largest exporter of oil
-Japan relies on the U.S. for oil
Yamamoto on Pearl Harbor: “A dagger pointed at Japan’s throat”
-The element of surprise
- Japan launches a massive attack in Southeast Asia
-Yamamoto wants to destroy the U.S. Fleet in Hawaii
-The Japanese launched attacks against:
Higher Order Question: Why do you think Yamamoto and the Japanese decided on a sneak attack?
Answer: 1. The element of surprise, 2. It would give Japan a huge naval advantage in the Pacific
December 7th 1941
From breaking the code, the U.S. knew an attack was coming but they didn’t know when or where.
-The Japanese Navy launched an airborne attack from their carriers against Pearl harbor and surrounding bases.
-Dec. 8th 1941, President Roosevelt and Congress declare war on the Empire of Japan
-The bulk of the U.S. fleet in the Pacific was in Pearl harbor. The area that the battle ships were moored at was called “Battleship Row”.
-America had 3 Aircraft carriers. The Hornet and Enterprise were at sea in the Pacific and the Yorktown was new and at sea in the Atlantic.
-The fact that the aircraft carriers are not at Pearl Harbor, was a devastating blow to the Japanese plan.
-Over 2,300 Americans killed
-Over 1,100 wounded
-19 ships sunk or damaged
-Including 8 battleships
-California,Pennsylvania, Maryland, Tennessee, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Arizona and Nevada
Guam and Wake Fall
-Dec 10th 1941, Guam Falls
-Dec 23rd 1941 Wake Falls
Invasion of the Philippines
-January 1942, Japanese invade the Philippines
-U.S. & Filipino Forces dig in on the Bataan Peninsula
Fall of the Philippines
MacArthur was posted to the Philippines in 1935 and remained there until President Roosevelt ordered him to evacuate right before the fall of the U.S. Territory.
-The Capital was moved from Manila to the Island of Corregidor
-April 1942, Bataan fell to the Japanese, Philippines fall a month later
-MacArthur vows to return to the Philippines “I Shall Return”
Japan Occupies Southeast Asia
The Japanese used the slogan “East Asia For The Asiatics” to try and gain support and create opposition to the European Colonial Governments that ruled much of East Asia. Once conquered the Japanese committed many atrocities against the people they conquered, but saved the most harsh and cruel treatment for Allied Prisoners of War.
-Dec 8th 1941, Malaysia Invaded
-March 1942, Dutch East Indies Falls
-January-May 1942 Burma Falls
-Japan now controlled a million square miles and 150 million people
-“East Asia For Asiatics” Conquerors disguised as Liberators
Bataan Death March
-Allied prisoners of war were forced to march up the Bataan Peninsula to their new prison camp.
-Distance: 50 miles
-70,000 prisoners start the march
-Only 54,000 survived
The Allies Strike Back!
-After a string of victories, the Japanese seemed to be unstoppable!
The Doolittle Raid
-Led a daring raid against Japan
-16 B-25 Bombers launched from an aircraft carrier.
-Revenge for Pearl Harbor
-The raid did little damage, but was psychologically important
Higher Order Question: What impact did the Doolittle Raid have on the Allies and the Japanese?
Answer: Japanese: Showed that they were not invincible and they were vulnerable. Allies: Showed they had the ability to strike back
The Allies Turn The Tide
-The Allies Stop The Japanese Advance
The Battle of the Coral Sea
-Stopping the Japanese Advance
-May 1942, the Allies intercept a Japanese Strike Force on its way to Port Moresby
-This city would allow the Japanese to attack Australia, their next target!
-First sea battle where ships never saw each other- Aircraft
-The Allies stopped the Japanese advance, but suffered heavy damage
Battle of Midway
-June 4th-7th 1942 Yamamoto Vs Nimitz
-Yamamoto’s strategy was to lure the US Navy into an ambush and destroy the remainder of the fleet-especially the Aircraft carriers.
-The larger defense perimeter would stop attacks like the Doolittle Raid.
- It would also set them up for the next objective: Hawaii
-Midway was key in creating a larger defense perimeter
-June 4th Japanese attack!
-While the Japanese attack Midway, US Planes attack the Japanese Carriers.
Higher Order Question: What was the most important naval battle of World War II
Answer: Midway: It destroyed the Japanese Fleet and turned the tide in favor of the Allies
An Allied Offensive
Island Hopping Strategy
-Bypassing Japanese Strongholds
Troop numbers are just examples to demonstrate the strategy of island hopping.
- With the Japanese Navy crippled, Japanese forces were cut off and unable to get off the islands. MacArthur decided instead of fighting them, just leave them there until they surrender.
-With the Japanese Navy crippled, strongholds are left to whither on the vine.
-Capture Strategic bases with less troops.
-Allies learn that Japan is building a massive airbase on the island of Guadalcanal
-August 7th 1942, Allies invade Guadalcanal
-Savage fighting breaks out as both sides pour in more and more troops
-February 1943, Japan leaves “The Island of Death”
These materials were prepared by Harms LLC and have neither been developed, reviewed, nor endorsed by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, publisher of the original WORLD HISTORY: Patterns of Interaction work on which this material is based.
Mr. Harms has designed a number of PowerPoint and Keynote presentations to help students understand history. Designed by a teacher for teachers, this PowerPoint focuses on "Japan's Pacific Campaign" in World War 2. This presentation is designed to give them an overview of the events of the war in the Pacific. Students will be shown maps, animations and descriptions of some of the major events of the Second World War.
The presentation is totally customizable, allowing you to add your own pictures, graphics and animations to take what we've done even farther. It comes with presentation notes to help you discuss the subject and engage them in the events of World War 2. At less than $3.00, it will save you time and lay the foundation for presentations that help students understand and remember.
The Topics include: Pearl Harbor, Southeast Asia, Guam, Philippines, Yamamoto, Wake, Burma, Malaysia, Bataan, Coral sea, Doolittle Raid, Midway, Nimitz, Island Hopping, Guadalcanal, Mac Arthur, Nimitz.
Number of Slides: 29 $2.90
Included in The Presentation Package:
1. Keynote Presentation
2. Power Point Presentation
3. Text edit file of the Outline of The Presentation and presenter's notes.
(The package is a digital download (Zip File) of these three items.
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Chapter 32, Section 2 "Japan's Pacific Campaign"